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Nitrogen removal of wastewaters with high ammonium nitrogen concentrations in reactor containing suspended biomass operated in sequential batch and under intermittent aeration

by Iamamoto, Cristina Yuriko

Abstract (Summary)
The sequential batch reactor with suspended bioma was subjected to ammonium concentrations of 125, 250 and 500 mg N/L, oxygen dissolved (OD) concentrations of 2 mg 'O IND.2'/L, 2h/2h of anoxic/aerobic steps. The reactor was operated under fed-batch feeding. At the operational condition of 125 mg N/L, the mean nitrogen removal efficiency of 87% was obtained and nitrate was the main nitrification product. At operational condition of 250 mg N/L, was gotten nitrogen removal efficiencies of 84% and nitrite was the predominant form of nitrogen and simultaneous nitrification and denitrification occurred during the two first aerobic steps of the cycle. At 500 mg N/L, the operating conditions imposed to the reactor (OD concentrations of 2 mg 'O IND.2'/L and intermittent aeration of 2h) did not lead to complete nitrification during the aerated steps, thus affecting nitrogen removal. The conditions were altered increasing the aerated steps to 9 hours, with OD concentration of 2,8 mg 'O IND.2'/L, and keeping the duration of the anoxic steps in 2 hours. Under such conditions, the mean nitrogen removal efficiency attained 94% and nitrite was the predominant oxidized nitrogen specie. It was isolated denitrifiers with similarity of 97% for Thauera mechernichensis and Thauera sp. 27 at the operational conditions of 125 and 250 mg N/L and of 99% for Ochrobactrum anthropi and Ochrobactrum tritici, at operational condition of 500 mg N/L. The long term operation resulted in the decrease of nitrite oxidizers populations and this was probably the main factor contributing for the creation of conditions for the partial nitrification via nitrite to prevail during the operation at ammonium concentration of 500 mg N/L. The success in preventing free ammonia inhibition was attributed to the adoption of intermittent aeration and fed batch operation.
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Eugenio Foresti; Eugenio Foresti; Samantha Cristina de Pinho; Roque Passos Piveli; Edson Luiz Silva; Maria Bernadete Amancio Varesche Silva

School:Universidade de São Paulo

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords: denitrification desnitrificação fed-batch intermittent aeration nitrificação nitrification sequential batch reactor

ISBN:

Date of Publication:08/04/2006

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