Nicotine Replacement Therapy and Brief Motivational Interview for Emergency Department Smokers with Asthma
This study is targeting a specific subset of emergency department patients; smokers presenting with an acute asthma exacerbation. A good percentage of these patients are aware that their smoking may impact their asthma symptoms. However, they may not have previously attempted to quit. There is a great deal of research about smoking and asthma. The second hypothesis of this study is that the group that received the NRT/BMI will have greater improvement of their asthma symptoms when compared to the group that received standard care. This was measured using the number of return visits for asthma, peak flow, and medication requirements.
The primary aims of the study are as follows: 1. To evaluate the effectiveness of NRT /BMI for increasing rates of smoking cessation in Emergency Department patients presenting with acute exacerbations of asthma as measured by carbon monoxide levels, and self-reported tobacco use. 2. To assess the effectiveness of NRT/BMI in improving asthma outcomes as measured by peak expiratory flow rates, unscheduled medical visits for asthma, and medication requirements.
The secondary aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of NRT/BMI in reducing cigarette consumption among asthmatic smokers.
School Location:USA - Connecticut
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:asthma smoking cessation nicotine nicotinic agonists drug therapy emergency medical services
Date of Publication:03/04/2008