New Results on Triangulation, Polynomial Equation Solving and Their Application in Global Localization

by Josephson, Klas

Abstract (Summary)
This thesis addresses the problem of global localization from images. The overall goal is to find the location and the direction of a camera given an image taken with the camera relative a 3D world model. In order to solve the problem several subproblems have to be handled. The two main steps for constructing a system for global localization consist of model building and localization. For the model construction phase we give a new method for triangulation that guarantees that the globally optimal position is attained under the assumption of Gaussian noise in the image measurements. A common framework for the triangulation of points, lines and conics is presented. The second contribution of the thesis is in the field of solving systems of polynomial equations. Many problems in geometrical computer vision lead to computing the real roots of a system of polynomial equations, and several such geometry problems appear in the localization problem. The method presented in the thesis gives a significant improvement in the numerics when Gröbner basis methods are applied. Such methods are often plagued by numerical problems, but by using the fact that the complete Gröbner basis is not needed, the numerics can be improved. In the final part of the thesis we present several new minimal, geometric problems that have not been solved previously. These minimal cases make use of both two and three dimensional correspondences at the same time. The solutions to these minimal problems form the basis of a localization system which aims at improving robustness compared to the state of the art.
Bibliographical Information:


School:Lunds universitet

School Location:Sweden

Source Type:Master's Thesis



Date of Publication:01/01/2008

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