Nasal immunization with outer membrane antigens of Neisseria meningitidis B selected for the highest expression of the immunotype of LPS 3,7,9 with monoclonal antibodies and Bordetella pertussis as adjuvants in neonates mice.
The natural habitat of Neisseria meningitidis is the human nasopharynx, and the bacterium is transmitted by direct mouth-to-mouth contact or by the inhalation of released mucous particles during close contact. N meningitidis is a Gram-negative bacterium responsible for significant mortality worldwide. While effective polysaccharide-based vaccines exist against serogroups A, C, W135, and Y, no similar vaccine is suitable for children under 4 years against disease caused by serogroup B strains. Current studies are searching for vaccinal antigens that are derived from the native outer membrane (NOMV). However, vaccines based on NOMV are considered weak, making the use of adjuvants necessary. This study investigated the immunogenicity of NOMV of N. meningitidis administered intranasal/intramuscular in neonate BALB/c mice, using the native outer membrane complex (NOMC) obtained from an epidemic strain of N. meningitidis B:4:P1.15. The strains used for immunization of mice were selected by colony-blot, using anti L3,7,9 monoclonal antibodies, for the highest expression of LPS among the immunotypes (B:4:P1:15 L9á). As mucosal adjuvants, we used Bordetella pertussis (whole cells) or the supernatant of 48 h culture of this bacterium, followed by an intramuscular dose of the same protein adsorbed onto , B. pertussis (whole cells) or 48-h B. pertussis culture supernatant or aluminum hydroxide [Al(OH)3]. Sera of immunized mice were evaluated by ELISA in order to compare the different adjuvants used. We also determined their avidity index. IgG and IgM were detected in the serum of mice after immunization, with avidity indices that ranged from intermediate to high. All adjuvants were capable of increasing the immune response against NOMV of N. meningitidis in the homologous prime/boost schedule used. The intranasal route was suitable for sensitizing the cells of the immune system which were quickly stimulated by the intramuscular route using the adjuvants analysed in the present invertigation. Data suggest that the NOMV studied is important in the induction of mucosal immunity to N. meningitidis B, and that the quality and magnitude of the immune responses generated by mucosal vaccines are influenced by the adjuvant as well as the antigen. In conclusion, nasal delivery of NoMV with mucosal adjuvants has considerable potential in the development of a mucosal vaccine against serogroup B meningococci.
Advisor:Elizabeth Natal de Gaspari; Jorge Timenetsky; Mirthes Ueda; Elizabeth Natal de Gaspari
School:Universidade de São Paulo
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:Bordetella pertussis Neisseria meningiditis Lipolysaccharide (LPS) Lipopolissacaríde Nasal immunization Native outer membrane complex (NOMC) Neonate mice
Date of Publication:10/07/2008