EDUCAÇÃO NAS FAMÍLIAS DE PESCADORES ARTESANAIS:TRANSMISSÃO GERACIONAL E PROCESSOS DE RESILIÊNCIA
Families are contexts of development that provide interactions which contribute to the educational processes of their members. Family education is a socio historical andgenerational phenomenon that is processed by individual and collective experiences of knowledge, values and habits of living transmission. This present research aimed to investigate the beliefs, the familiar education meanings, and the educational patterns which are transmitted as well as understand whether those patterns are risk, protection andresilience to groups of non-industrial fishing families. Two families were randomly chosen in the district of Rio Grande/RS, one belonging to the rural and the other to the urban areas. Three generations of the participant families were studied. The method of ecological insertion was elected as it presupposes the immersion of researchers in the environment to be studied and demand different strategies of data collecting: diary of observations, semistructuredinterviews, life stories and genograms. The qualitative analysis followed the paths of the grounded-theory. The results point to changes in the fishing activities along the different generations, mainly with respect to the materials for non-industrial fishery and the commercialization of the product. There were evidences of linearities of generationaltransmission of knowledge about fishing and the definition of women?s and men?s roles. Besides there were found transformations in the educational models? patterns of theprevious generations. The new form of elaboration on the children?s education is guided by dialogue and expressions of affection which in the past was mediated by punishments andauthority. The changes in communication patterns are explicit by means of the rupture of the silence and the openness for decision making. In order to face the risk situation the children and the elders are included. These results underline that the familiar education of these groups promotes opportunities of coletive thinking over the socio environmentalvulnerabilities and can constitute social and participant individuals that may choose whether they want to carry on with the ARTESANAL fishing activity. However, this model of education in the non industrial fishing families dialogue based is coherent with the perspective of environmental education whose purpose is to reinforce that the cultural intergenerational transmission might provide a critical, reflexive and transforming view of the social reality.
Advisor:Maria Angela Mattar Yunes; Maria do Carmo Galiazzi; Heloísa Szymanski
School:Fundação Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:03/27/2007