"Musa del Septentrion" a caballo entre dos esteticas
Abstract (Summary)In spite of being one of the writers whose name is repeatedly mentioned along with Marcelino Menéndez Pelayo and José María de Pereda, as one of the most relevant literary authors during the second half of the 19th century in Cantabria (Spain), Amós de Escalante (Santander 1832 – Santander 1902) has been ignored by critics. His work, produced within the chronological limits of Realism, has been generally considered to be just a continuation of Romanticism and therefore left out of the canon. The purpose of this dissertation is to study Escalante’s work (historical novel, short stories, poetry, travel books and articles published in magazines and newspapers) to analyze how his work reflects the evolution of Romanticism in Spain in convergence and continuous interaction with other literary movements. Since this study analyzes his entire production, it has been divided into an introduction where I present Escalante’s historical and cultural context, and four chapters which focus on different genres with a predominantly formalist approach. Each chapter starts with a summary of the evolution of that specific genre in Spain during the 19th century to place Escalante’s work in that specific background. The first chapter studies Ave, Maris Stella a historical novel published in 1877 and analyzes its characters, themes and narrative structures in relation to the paradigmatic novels of Walter Scott. The second chapter focuses on his travel books and reviews how reality is selected and represented through description. The third chapter analyzes Escalante’s articles (reviews of books and plays, artistic exhibitions, social chronics, reports of news, etc.) and the significance of his journalistic writing which is understood as a cultural practice. Last chapter studies his poetry, including all his unpublished poems, to understand his particular poetic voice inserted inside the different venues of renewal of lyric in the last decades of the century. The conclusion of my dissertation summarizes the importance of Amós de Escalante’s work that proves him to be not an anachronistic writer, but an example of the tensions between Romanticism and Realism, idealism and positivism that shaped and defined the second half of the 19th century.
School:The Ohio State University
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:01/01/2005