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Multi-antenna systems and interconnection strategies for CDMA wireless access networks

by Yanikömero?glu, Halim

Abstract (Summary)
The main objective of this thesis is to utilize antennas in novel ways so as to achieve per- formance benefits at the system level through spatial interference management. To this end, we study CDrvIA multi-antenna wireless access networks (where the transmission and reception are through multiple antennas distributed in the service area), and compare their performance with that of the conventional networliç where only one central antenna (CA) exïsts. We first demonstrate that by using CDMA distnbuted antenna (DA), the power control dynamic range can be reduced significantly; this yields a notable reduction in the outage. The DA system simulates a hypothetical optimal C-4 system; therefore, even though the capacity of a DA system may be considerably higher than that of a CA type, the capacity is still low per antenna element (AE). In order to overcome this shortcoming, we present the sectorized distributed antenna (SDA) system, where each AE is connected to a separate feeder. We further suggest a novel nonlinear power control algorithm which balances the SIR in SDA systems. We demonstrate analytically and through simulations that in a CDMA SDA system the reverse link capacity increases approximately linearly with increasing numbers of AE7s. This increase is stilI valid, despite the overlapping antenna patterns and non-uniform traffic, due to the joint decoding (enhanced macrodiversity) capability of the SDA system, and also to the effective power control dgorithm used. Therefore, the reverse link capacity of an SDA system with L AETs is higher than that of an Ecell cluster serving the same region. In order to achieve maximum performance from the SDA architecture, the interference picked up by an AE for a user should be uncorrelated with those picked up by other AE's. To this end, the conditions, under which the correlated interference occurs, are evaluated, and the effects of the system parameters on the correlation are analyzed. Finally, ,4Einterconnection strategies are studied in order to determine cost-efficient as well as robust and flexible interconnection architectures, by using results from the theory of minimal networlis, especially those on Steiner trees. Tu my wzfe, Berna Akçakw Yanzkomeroijlu
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Source Type:Master's Thesis

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Date of Publication:01/01/1998

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