MORFOLOGIA E BIOMETRIA DO DESENVOLVIMENTO EMBRIONÁRIO DA RAIA Sympterygia acuta Garman, 1877(ELASMOBRANCHII; RAJIDAE).
The development of the skate Sympterygia acuta is describe based on a complete series of embryos from stage 17, the earliest stage in which the body forms and first visceral cleft can be distinguished, to hatching. The embryos were obtained from egg-cases caught at Cassino Beach, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. The external features of these specimens are used to establish a stage table of S. acuta. Each stage is defined by a suite of morphological characters including the opening and position of the successive visceral clefts, size and shape of pectoral (disc) and pelvic fins, shape of mouth and position of spiracles. The yolk-embryo weight relationship agrees with the pattern found in other elasmobranchs oviparous and viviparous lecithotrophic. The stage 30 is marked by great changes, as the pre-hatching, the beginning of the entrance of yolk in the digestive system of the embryo, and the beginning of the real embryonic growth. The study provides a comparison with other condrichthyan embryos based on external features. The development of the pectoral fins, which since the beginning occupies the whole side of the abdominal region, is the most important divergence between this skate and the sharks, except from Squatinidae. This might be an evidence that Rajidae and Squatinidae have a close phylogenetic relationship.
Advisor:José Henrique Muelbert; Carolus Maria Vooren; Ulisses Leite Gomes; João Carlos Brahm Cousin
School:Fundação Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:04/24/2006