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Molecular models for templated mesoporous materials mimetic simulation and gas adsorption /

by 1977- Bhattacharya, Supriyo

Abstract (Summary)
BHATTACHARYA, SUPRIYO. Molecular Models for Templated Mesoporous Materials: Mimetic Simulation and Gas Adsorption. (Under the direction of Keith E. Gubbins) The complex structures of the Templated Mesoporous Materials (TMMs) are difficult to capture using experiments. On the other hand, detailed structural information is required in order to study the confinement effects and predict material properties. We therefore present a methodology to prepare realistic molecular models of the TMMs using molecular simulations. Mimetic simulations are used to simulate the synthesis of the TMMs resulting in mesoscale models of the materials. Using this technique, we have developed models for SBA-15 and the Mesostructured Cellular Foams (MCF). The mimetic simulations also allow us to study the phase diagrams of the surfactants involved in the synthesis. We have investigated the ternary phase diagrams (surfactant-oil-water and surfactant-silica-water) of model triblock surfactants and have highlighted the effects of oil on the ordered structures. The simulation results for the effect of oil are in partial agreement with the experiments. Next, we devise a technique to convert the mesoscale TMM models into atomistic ones. The method has been demonstrated by preparing atomistic models for SBA-15. The physical properties of the models (pore size distribution, surface area, TEM and AFM images) are compared to the experimental ones. The porosities and the surface areas of the models are in quantitative agreement with those of the experimental SBA-15, whereas the pore size distribution and TEM results agree qualitatively with the experiments. We also present new methods for characterizing model structures including a fast technique for computing pore size distributions. The results from our new technique show speed increases of several orders of magnitude compared to the existing method. Finally we simulate the adsorption of Argon inside the model SBA-15 using Grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations. The adsorption isotherm from the model is in semi-quantitative agreement with that of an experimental SBA-15. The adsorption behavior of several different pore models are investigated, which provides new light on the roles of surface roughness and micropores in determining adsorption properties. We conclude by saying that the pore models developed in this work may be used in studying phase transitions, adsorption, diffusion and reactions inside nanopores, and in preparing new mesoporous material models such as the CMK carbons. ??, ???? o ??k???? To my parents and grandmother ii Biography Supriyo Bhattacharya is originally from India. He was born on the 2nd of June, 1977 to his parents, Rina and Sanjoy Bhattacharya. After spending his boyhood in the city of Calcutta (Kolkata), he joined the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur in 1996, for pursuing Bachelor of Technology (B. Tech.) in Chemical Engineering. At IIT Supriyo received the opportunity to interact with some of the leading scientific minds in India, which motivated him to undertake independent research. As part of his senior year project, he studied the effects of viscosity and diffusivity variations in laminar cross-flow ultrafiltration under the guidance of Prof. Shirshendu De and Prof. Sunando Dasgupta. After finishing his undergraduate education, Supriyo decided to pursue doctoral studies in Chemical Engineering and joined Prof. Keith Gubbins’ group at NC State University in 2000. He has been engaged in developing molecular models for nanoporous materials and understanding the thermodynamics of surfactant self assembly. iii
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School:North Carolina State University

School Location:USA - North Carolina

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:north carolina state university

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