Molecular Epidemiology, Clinical Molecular Diagnosis and Genetic Diversity of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Jericho, Palestine
In this study we compared the sensitivity of the diagnosis of Giemsa-stained skin scrapings by standardized graded direct microscopy with that of ITS1-PCR. ITS1-PCR showed a sensitivity of 87% with positive predictive value of 100% and a specificity of 100% with negative predictive value of 85%. In-vitro cultivation using NNN medium and direct smear microscopy of Giemsa-stained slides, PCR amplifying region 1 of internal transcribed spacer (ITS1) using skin scrapings spotted on filter papers (FP) and unstained tissue smears (US) were compared. PCR using US was more sensitive than all other methods Molecular epidemiology was used to study the distribution of Leishmania species in Jericho. Spatial analysis showed three statistically significant clusters of CL, one cluster for L. major and two clusters for L. tropica. In the case of space-time, four clusters for CL, two for L. major and three for L. tropica were detected. A total of 106 strains isolated in different endemic regions of Central Asia, Middle East and Africa were analysed using 10 pairs of microsatellite markers under two cluster methods: distance and model-based. Markers were designed to amplify microsatellite loci identified in the genome sequence of L. major on chromosomes 1, 3, 5, 21 and 35. Seven discrete populations of L. major including two genetically isolated populations in the Middle East were revealed.
School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:L. major tropica ITS1-PCR Mikrosatelliten Cutaneous leishmaniasis Genetic diversity Molecular epidemiology Jericho-Palestine Microsatellites
Date of Publication:01/17/2006