Mixing structure timber-cold formed steel plates submitted to the bending
This work deals with theoretical and experimental study of timber beams and timber/cold formed steel plates composed beams, submitted to the bending. A combination of different materials aims to the exploitation the advantages of each material, of manner to have a viable set, in constructive terms, structural and economic. For the accomplish of the research, three beams wooden with dimensions 40mm x 120mm x 1050mm, six hardened beams wooden in the superior face with metallic profile in the dimensions 50mm x 25mm x 2mm and six beams of wooden stiffeners in faces inferior and superior with the same profile metallic had been assayed. The spacing between the connectors had been of 100mm, 200mm and 300mm. With the objective to supply given necessary the sizing, a theoretical formularization for the determination of the internal moment and for the estimative of the deflection was presented. For this, the mechanical properties of the wood, the steel and the connectors had been determined. With the results of the assays of characterization of the materials, the simple and mixing beams had been assayed to the bending, for reading of the deformations and maximum vertical displacements of the landslide in the extremities inferior and superior. Such values had been gotten by means of electric strain gauges and comparing clocks. They had been determined still: the tensions in the elements of the beams and the curves load versus displacement. It was observed that, in relation to the wooden simple beam, it had average increase at the ultimate load, for the beams with parts hardened in the compressed face, of 20%, and of 49 when placed stiffeners in the faces compressed and tensioned. In the value of the deflections it had average reduction of 15% when used stiffener in the superior face and of 49% in the parts with stiffeners in the faces was used compressed and tension. The biggest reduction in the deflections happened in the parts with lesser spacing between connectors, indicating that the influence of the interaction is bigger in relation to the displacements that in relation to the bending moment. In stress distribution diagram in the transversal sections it was adopted, in all the cases, the triangular form for the wood and for the profile it was adopted a rectangular form. It was obtained results that differ from the experimental values in 17% for the simple beams, in 16% for the parts hardened with profile in superior face and 21% for the parts hardened with profile in the faces upper/lower indicating that the formularization proposal can be applied with safety. In the calculation of the deflections the geometric properties of the mixing section, in elastic regimen, had been gotten with the homogenized section. An equation for the determination ofthe factor of correction of the estimated deflection, for the studied cases is presented.
Advisor:Orlando Ferreira Gomes; Edgar Bacarji
School:Universidade Federal de Goiás
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:09/28/2007