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MIGRATION IN VENEZUELA, 1950-1990: A REASSESSMENT OF THE GUAYANA PROJECT

by Ravuri, Evelyn D.

Abstract (Summary)
Venezuela was one of the first countries in the developing world to undertake a massive intentional redistribution of population and industrial activity away from the capital region to initiate a more even process of economic development throughout the country. Ciudad Guayana, a planned industrial city in the State of Bolivar in eastern Venezuela, was built in the 1950s to combat this problem. Life-time in and outmigration between Bolivar State and the other 22 states of Venezuela is analyzed using the 1950-1990 Venezuelan Census Data. The life-time migrant population in Bolivar State not only increased between 1950 and 1990, but a greater percentage of the inmigrant flow was attracted from the Federal District and the states of the western highlands. It would appear that the Guayana region had to obtain a critical population mass, a result of the intense inmigration of the 1960s and 1970s and the consequent natural increase, so that it could attract migrants from the populous states in the capital region and western highlands. Life-time outmigration patterns from Bolivar revealed that by 1990, migrants were less concentrated in the capital region than in the earlier census periods. The author concludes that given the absolute and percentage increase in life-time inmigration to Bolivar, and the decreased percentage outmigration from Bolivar State, that the Guayana Program successfully contributed to the decreased concentration of population in the capital region between 1950 and 1990. Generally, age, educational attainment, and length of residence of both in and outmigrants was more likely to be significant in the regression equations than the sex of the migrant. However, it is concluded that the Guayana Program was more successful in retaining and attracting males than females over the 1950 to 1990 period. Given the industrial nature of the employment opportunities, this result is not surprising.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:University of Cincinnati

School Location:USA - Ohio

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:migration ciudad guayana secondary cities

ISBN:

Date of Publication:01/01/2001

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