Micromechanics of rate-independent multi-phase composites : application to Steel Fiber-Reinforced Concrete

by Ouaar, Amine

Abstract (Summary)
Composite materials reinforced with particles or fibers are widely used in industrial applications due to their good mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties. Consequently, for the scientific community as well as the industry, an important challenge is to understand the relationship between the microstruture and the macroscopic response in order to design composite materials with optimised properties. In this thesis, we study a class of inclusion-reinforced multi-phase composites. Our main objective is to develop a micromechanical model and the corresponding numerical algorithms which enable the simulation of the rate-independent mechanical response. The proposed model is based on an incremental Hill-type formulation and uses the two-step Mori-Tanaka/Voigt mean-field homogenisation schemes. The crucial issues of the choice of reference comparison materials and Eshelby's tensor computation are examined In parallel, an experimental study consisting in four-point bending tests performed on plain concrete and steel fiber-reinforced concrete (SFRC) specimens, is carried out with the aim of achieving an appropriate modelling of SFRC, and collecting data for the validation of our model predictions. The accuracy and the efficiency of the proposed approach are evaluated through numerical simulations. Several discriminating tests of concrete, metal, and polymer matrix composites are carried out. A two-scale approach is developed in order to simulate, within reasonable CPU time and memory usage, the response of realistic structures under complex loadings. In many cases our estimates are validated against finite element computations and experimental results.
Bibliographical Information:


School:Université catholique de Louvain

School Location:Belgium

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:damage micromechanics homogenization sfrc numerical simulations mori tanaka


Date of Publication:07/10/2006

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