Mapping of drought tolerance and leaf rust resistance in wheat
Water availability is commonly the most limiting factor to crop production, especially in drought prone areas like the Midwest. This study was conducted to map quantitative trait loci (QTL) involved in drought tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to enable their use for marker assisted selection (MAS) in breeding. A population of 122 F[subscript]7 derived recombinant inbred lines from a cross between Dharwar Dry and Sitta, spring wheat lines with contrasting drought tolerances, was analyzed using the amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) technique and Diversity Array Technology (DArT) markers to create a QTL map. Of the 256 AFLP primer combinations evaluated, 151 were found to be polymorphic between the parents and were used to screen the population. A linkage map of 48 groups was created from the combined DArT markers, AFLP data, and SSR markers. This was used to create a QTL map which identified QTL in 24 of these groups. Using these markers for MAS in a breeding program could overcome the difficulties of selecting for drought tolerance.
Another serious limitation to wheat production is leaf rust caused by the pathogen Puccinia triticina. Leaf rust causes between 1% and 20% yield loss on average and tends to be the worst in years with high yield potential. PI 289824 contains a single, dominant gene for seedling resistance mapping to chromosome 5BS and thought to be different from Lr52. An F[subscript]2 mapping population from a cross between PI 289824 and Jagger was used to try to identify markers very closely linked to the gene and therefore useful for MAS. The population presented some mapping challenges, but with the use of SSR and EST-STS markers, the gene was flanked. However, the markers were at too a great distance to be useful for mapping.
School:Kansas State University
School Location:USA - Kansas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:wheat drought leaf rust agriculture agronomy 0285 biology genetics 0369
Date of Publication:01/01/2008