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MOCVD growth and characterization of al-rich ALN/ALGAN epilayers and quantum wells

by Al Tahtamouni, Talal Mohammed

Abstract (Summary)
The correlation between polarity and material quality of un-doped Al[0.81subscript]Ga[0.19subscript]N was

studied. The overall material quality is significantly influenced by the growth polarity. The

epilayers with aluminum-polarity have a much higher crystalline quality and better surface

morphology than those of nitrogen-polarity. Nitrogen-polar growth more readily incorporates

unintentional impurities.

A-plane AlN epilayers have been grown on r-plane sapphire substrates. The orientation

and high crystalline quality were confirmed by x-ray diffraction (XRD) [Theta]-2[Theta] scan exhibiting a

reflection peak at 2[Theta] = 59.4[0superscript] and rocking curve of the (110) reflection having a line width of 940

arcsec. Room temperature photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy showed that the surface

emission intensity of a-plane AlN epilayers is comparable to that of c-plane AlN. PL spectra of

Mg-doped a- and c-plane AlN revealed that the Mg level in both a- and c-plane AlN is identical

and is about ~ 0.5 eV.

Identically designed a-plane and c-plane AlN/A1[0.65subscript]Ga[0.35subscript]N QWs have been grown on a-and

c-plane AlN/Al[2subscript]O[3subscript] templates respectively, and their PL emission properties were studied.

Low temperature PL characteristics of a-plane QWs are primarily governed by the quantum size

effect, whereas those of c-plane QWs are significantly affected by the polarization fields.

The growth of AlN epilayers on SiC substrates was investigated. A smooth, crack free

AlN epilayer with high optical and crystalline quality was achieved. Because of its high quality,

AlN was used as active layer in a hybrid Schottky photodetector.

Highly conductive Si-doped Al[subscript0.75]Ga[0.25subscript]N alloys were grown on AlN/SiC templates. The

effects of using Indium as a surfactant during the growth of Si-doped Al[0.75subscript]Ga[0.25subscript]N epilayers at

relatively high temperature 1050 [degrees]C were studied. Indium significantly increases the doping

efficiency as shown by RT Hall measurements. RT PL measurements show a clear correlation

between emission intensity of the defect related transition and indium flow rate.

P-type conductivity has been obtained in beryllium doped GaN by MOCVD. The

activation energy of the beryllium acceptor was estimated to be 118 [plus or minus] 4 meV, which is about 40

meV less than the activation energy of the Mg acceptor in GaN.

Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Kansas State University

School Location:USA - Kansas

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:nitrides growth metal organic chemical vapor deposition physics condensed matter 0611

ISBN:

Date of Publication:01/01/2007

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