Lex Britannia : Fackliga stridsåtgärders förenlighet med EG-rätten
Abstract (Summary)The Swedish legislation concerning collective labour law is based on a system where wages and general employment conditions are regulated by the parties on the labour market through collective agreements. Right of association is a right for employers and workers to belong and work for such an organization. Such organizations are given the right to negotiate in different situations through MBL. Interest disputes, or collective bargaining, refers to a situation where the organization of employers or the organization of workers want to reach a collective agreement, or to renew or change an agreement when the term of agreement has expired. The parties are entitled to take collective offensive actions in situations where no agreement exists. The right to take collective offensive actions is a constitutional right according to the Swedish constitution and can only be restricted through legislation or agreements. The most important restrictions are the non-strike agreement rules in 41-45 § § MBL.According to the rules of lex Britannia in Swedish law, the non-strike agreement rules are not applicable in working conditions with a weak connection to the Swedish labour market. Furthermore, a collective agreement which is invalid according to foreign law due to a collective offensive action is valid in Sweden if the collective offensive action is valid in Sweden. Also, a Swedish collective agreement is able to push a foreign collective agreement aside concerning incompatible parts. The compatibility of lex Britannia and EC-law has been questioned in relation to article 12 EC concerning discrimination and the freedom to provide services in article 49 EC. Lex Britannia’s purpose is to prevent social dumping which is an acceptable restriction of the freedom to provide services.The directive concerning posting of workers consists of mandatory rules for minimum protection regarding applicable employment conditions which will be applied in the host state, including rules of minimum wage. One of the purposes of the directive is to prevent social dumping and to safeguard the workers right. Utstationeringslagen does not include any minimum wage rule. According to the preparatory act, the lex Britannia rules are regarded as sufficient means to prevent social dumping in Sweden.The Labour Market Court decided to ask for a preliminary ruling in case AD 2005 no 49. The case concerned whether collective offensive actions, which had been taken in order to force a posted company in Sweden to apply the Swedish collective agreement in the construction trade, is in breach of article 12 EC and article 49 EC and the directive concerning posting of workers. The case concern the lex Britannia rules in particular since they make the collective offensive actions allowed in situations where MBL is not applicable.
School:Högskolan i Jönköping
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:06/15/2005