Leadership an instrument in the nursery work process.
The nursing working process consists of an essential matter which requires a constant reflection, due to several economic, social and political changes, which have affected the hospital structures. In this context, nursing has also been affected, having the nurse profile changed, resulting in a more demanding working market in terms of leadership, requiring critic, reflexive, creative and sure in making decisionsprofessionals. The wish of revealing the leadership and inserting it as a management tool in the nursing duty, this desire has emerged in the beginning of the assistance practice in the Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Pelotas, where it was possible to notice the nurses difficulty, mainly in those who have just graduated, in placing themselves in the working team and other health professionals, limiting themselves several times to bureaucratic activities, and refusing their role of carers and nursing team leaders. For this reason, it has been developed the study with the aim of knowing the nurse perception about the use of leadership as a management tool in his working process. It is a qualitative study of a descriptive and exploratory kind, in which participated eleven nurses who work in the Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Pelotas. This study has been conducted from February to March, 2008. The ethical precepts were based in the Resolution number 196/96 do Conselho Nacional de Saúde do Ministério da Saúde, which concerns researches involving human beings. The data was collected by interviews and from the focal group, afterwards, the analysis of the content was chosen as a technique to deal with the data, getting as aresult two categories: the meanings attributed to leadership; building a leader and its fundamental features. It is believed to have fully achieved the aim, since with the development of the study it has been clearly obtained the multiplicity of meanings noticed by the nurses when it comes to leadership as a management tool of their working process. Leadership helps the nurse, nevertheless, there are many drawbacks to fully understand them and mainly to put them into practice in the hospital institution, where the study was conducted. With the idea of modifying the situation, it is suggested the creation of a program of developing of leaders in nursing, in order to build leaders with political awareness, critical and reflexive who know how to use the action and speech in a coherent way. It is hoped that this study will be of a great value for all the nursing professionals and students, to motivate reflection about the subject proposed.
Advisor:Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz; Silvana Sidney Costa Santos; Maria Elisabeth Carvalho Cestari; Maria Alice Dias da Silva Lima
School:Fundação Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:09/03/2008