Laser ablation condensation of TiO2 and ZrO2: implications for the densification and coalescence of nanoparticles
This thesis is about the phase transformation, shape, size distribution and coalescence of TiO2 (part I) and ZrO2 (part II) nanopartilces produced by Nd-YAG laser ablation on metal targets under oxygen background gas, and characterized by analytical electron microscopy. The optimum laser ablation condition that satisfactory and routinely yield high-pressure phases of TiO2 (i.e. £\-PbO2-type and fluorite-related structures) and ZrO2 with high residual stress were reported. Part I-1 focuses on physical coagulation, by Van der Waals force, of the TiO2 condensates at temperatures up to about 1000 K as a result of post-condensation radiant heating. In part I-2, imperfect oriented attachment of nanoparticles over specific surfaces is rationalized to cause accretion and defects for the rutile condensates. Brownian motion may proceed above a critical temperature for anchorage release at the interface of imperfect attached nanoparticles until an epitaxial relationship is reached. Part I-3 deals with further the Brownian-type rotation of the imperfectly impinged £\-PbO2-type TiO2 and rutile nanocondensates until interfacial-energy cusp was reached. In part I-4 laser ablation condensation synthesis of dense TiO2 polymorphs and their phase transformations were documented. Part II-1 is about dense tetragonal (t)-ZrO2 and cubic (c-) nanocondensates which were synthesized under very rapid heating and cooling by pulsed Nd-YAG laser ablation with oxygen background gas. The t-ZrO2 nanoparticles were found to form deformation twins/faults and followed unique transformation path upon local electron dosage. Electron diffraction indicated that the dense c- and t- phase with specific size and residual stress were allowed to relax and/or kinetically phase change into lower-energy state as constrained by the intersections of the internal energy vs. cell volume plots calculated for the two polymorphs (Part II-2).
Advisor:Gan, Der shin; Chen, Shueiyuan; Hsieh, Ker-Chang; Hwang, S.L.; Shen, Pouyan; Kao Po-We
School:National Sun Yat-Sen University
School Location:China - Taiwan
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:tio2 laser ablation nca phase transformation coalescence zro2
Date of Publication:07/12/2005