Las cosas de estotro mundo [electronic resource] : Cardiel y Pombal, utopistas, frente a la Guerra Guarani?tica /
Abstract (Summary)This dissertation will consider the implicit utopian discourse in two documents concerning the Guarani? War (1753-1757). The first document chronologically is the Relac?a?o published in 1757 and authored by the Portuguese prime minister, Sebastia?o Caravalho e Melo, more commonly known as the Marquis of Pombal. The Relac?a?o blames the Jesuits for having caused the rebellion of the Guarani? Indians against the Iberian authorities in charge of the transfer of the seven missions on the eastern bank of the Uruguay River for the small port of Colonia do Sacramento. The Declaracio?n de la verdad, the second document, written by the Jesuit missionary Jose? Cardiel, attempts to refute the accusations against the Jesuits, specifically those charges surrounding the Indians' activities between 1750 and 1756. Additionally, this document serves as a general apology for the Jesuits' work among the South American Indians. A reading of Fernando Ainsa's analysis of the structure and purpose of utopias suggests, however, that both documents might be less concerned with the immediate effects of the Indians' rebellion than with a long-term strategy to develop institutional structures that take in to account the presence of indigenous populations. The two utopias posited by the authors further serve to reveal the ideological basis of the conflict between the Jesuits and their regalist opponents. Voltaire's novel Candide provides an Enlightenment framework for the debate, in addition to offering contemporary views on the Portuguese minister's regime, the work of the Jesuits among the Guarani?, and Voltaire's own view of a possible utopia for South American Indians.
School:The University of Georgia
School Location:USA - Georgia
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication: