La mirada informativa de los vespertinos Tal Cual y El Mundo sobre la realidad venezolana (2000-2002)
Abstract (Summary)The purpose of this research is the study of the representations of the social reality in the press, and the relation that those representations establish into the historic context in which they are carried out, through the use of the Automatic Diachronic Hemerographic method, applied to a sample of complete copies of the Venezuelan evening newspapers Tal Cual and El Mundo, between the years 2000 and 2003. This novel method, created by Doctor Amparo Moreno, is different of those traditional ones based on the analysis of contents, because it focuses on the whole printed area of each studied copy (in terms of wording, advertisement and management), searching for a thorough and detailed description of its information scope; that is, the searching of the version that they offer to their readers about the area in which social live takes place, where certain figures, acting in specific space-time attitudes, are highlighted: Who looks at who, doing what, and in which scenes? Likewise, the interdisciplinary nature of the study vindicates the historiographic value of the press as a documentary source to draw up explanations to be made about the social phenomena at a certain period. Therefore, the fact of choosing these evening newspapers, helped me, as well, to tackle the issue concerning to the role played by the press in the years of politic confrontation, social breakup and economic slowdown, under the administration of President Hugo Chávez. Hence, the need to present the contextual elements that seemed to me the most suitable to the interpretation of the observed phenomena though the sociological, philosophical and historical presentation of the social variables, particularly the politics, since the foremetioned crisis and its possible solution are focused on this aspect of the matter. By means of theoretical reasoning, I tried to state the fundamental arguments of the discussion set out on journalism in a democracy, one issue that has gained special relevance in the Venezuela of the beginnings of the 21st century, to its comparison an interpretation with the specific data of this research about communication. Finally, the text of the thesis is divided into three blocks. The first part consists of the main approaches of the research (targets, hypothesis and methodology) and the philosophical context, in which tackle the issues related to the role of the mass media in a democracy. In the second part, I draw up an explanation of the social changes in Venezuela in the 20th century, starting from a non-androcentric premises, together with a critical analysis of the historiographic texts about this, from the point of view of the politic-institutional of the democracy and the press in Venezuela. And in the third part, I present the results of the analysis of the journalistic texts of the chosen sample, the conclusions, the consulted sources and the annexes.
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:414 departament de periodisme
Date of Publication:01/28/2005