La memoria en las novelas de Paulina Crusat: Una lectura en clave autobiografica
Abstract (Summary)Unfortunately, Paulina Crusat (Barcelona 1900 – Sevilla 1981) has not been sufficiently studied, often ignored or considered by critics as “out of canon” or uninteresting. The purpose of this study is to analyze the principles on which Paulina Crusat´s novels –Mundo pequeño y fingido (1953), Aprendiz de persona (1956), Las ocas blancas (1959) y Relaciones solitarias (1965)– are based and also evaluate her contribution to Spanish literature. The point of departure for this analysis are the autobiographical references that Crusat integrates into her four novels. Using a predominantly formalist approach combined with autobiographical theory, I seek to show the recurrence of such references and determine their relevance. The study is divided into five chapters and an introduction. In the introduction, I summarize the panorama of the Spanish novel in 1950 and 1960, focusing on the women writers of this period, in order to place Paulina Crusat in her context. In chapter one, “La sinuosa trayectoria de un viaje,” I include a review of the writer´s biography and the critical reception of her literary work. Chapter two, “La autobiografía como recreación,” discusses the concepts of “autobiography” and “autobiographical fiction,” reviews definitions of such terms, and shows the difficulty of critics to elaborate clear distinctions between fiction and autobiography. In chapters three and four, “La mirada elegiaca” and “Los juegos de la memoria,” I analyze the structure, characters, and themes in the novels of Paulina Crusat and how they become a system of autobiographical references that serve as means of self-identification. These autobiographical references build a universe in which the author places herself. The conclusion of my study in chapter five, “Consideraciones finales,” summarizes the meaning and use of Paulina Crusat´s autobiography. I also establish the importance of this writer in the panorama of Spanish literature based on the fact that she was an original novelist who composed her work according to her principles, not subjected to the canon of the period.
School:The Ohio State University
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:01/01/2003