La enseñanza del francés en el marco de la Institución Libre de Enseñanza (1876-1939)
In this thesis we demonstrate that modern languages in Spain were given a significant boost by the Institución Libre de Enseñanza. In particular, our main aim is to assess the importance of modern language teaching in the context of this institution.
From a diachronic perspective we study how modern languages were taught in the different types of Spanish educational centres. By selecting a specific period of time (1876 to 1939) and taking the wider European situation as a reference, we have also conducted a synchronic and comparative study to evaluate the real impact of the ILE on the teaching of modern languages in general and the teaching of French in particular.
This thesis is divided into two chapters. In the first chapter we analyse the political and social context, describe the state of foreign language teaching in Europe at that time and present an overview of Spanish state education in this historical context. We also describe the types of educational centres that existed in Spain, discuss the French teaching methods they used and analyse the articles on modern language teaching published by the Revista de Pedagogía (1922-1936). The second chapter is devoted to the history, educational principles, achievements, activities and main representatives of the ILE. We also analyse the articles published on the teaching of modern languages in the Boletín (journal) de la Institución Libre de Enseñanza and describe the experiment embodied by the Instituto-Escuela. We analyse the case of the French teacher, Joan Nogués Aragonés, and present his personal method of teaching.
We intended this thesis to be based as far as possible on concrete facts, paying special attention to the important data for achieving our final objective, which is to demonstrate that the modernity of the ILE in pedagogical matters is clearly illustrated in its modern language teaching. To evaluate the full impact of what was achieved within the framework of the ILE, we have studied the socio-political context of the time, examined data from the various types of centres in Spain during that period and analysed the foreign language teaching methods used in these centres.
Our final conclusions confirm our initial hypothesis, i.e. that the Institución Libre de Enseñanza provided a significant boost to the teaching of modern languages in Spain. This is illustrated, for example, by the achievements of the Instituto-Escuelathe generous timetable; the number of modern languages taught (French, English and German); the number of school years spanned (French was compulsory throughout secondary school education and at the preparatory stage, while English or German could be chosen as a second foreign language); the fact that a high proportion of the teaching staff was involved in the teaching of French; the requirement that prospective teachers should know at least two foreign languages; and the use of French manuals and reference works in a wide range of subjects.
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Advisor:Garcia Bascuñana, Juan Francisco
School:Universitat Rovira i Virgili
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:departament de filologies romàniques
Date of Publication:07/06/2006