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Kartellen som sprängdes. Svensk bryggeriindustri under institutionell och strukturell omvandling 1945-1975

by Sandberg, Peter, PhD

Abstract (Summary)
The Swedish brewing industry during institutional and structural change 1945 - 1975. Written in Swedish with a summary in English. In the aftermath of the Second World War there was a turn in the official view concerning problems related to competition. In order to create a stronger trade and industry, the needs to rationalise the structure of business organisation became a central aim. To reach this goal, the monopolistic cartels had to be abolished. The Swedish brewing industry was deeply affected by this process. Until the mid 1950´s, nearly all of the breweries were organised in a cartel that settled fixed prices and distribution areas. In the new legislative environment which developed, the cartel could not survive and it ceased to exist in 1955. The major reason the relatively small breweries scattered around the country had survived during the interwar years was that they were organised in the brewing cartel. Furthermore, the strict policy concerning alcohol and concessions to start new breweries supported a limited competition. In the early 1950´s, most of the small breweries had difficulties surviving in a competitive market. Instead, it was the major combines in the three biggest cities that strengthened their position. It is important to notice that the new institutional framework both meant a concentration of breweries, but at the same time a few breweries which never had been a part of the cartel emerged in the market. In the early 1960´s the two biggest combines merged. The new company "Pripps" had a total market share of sixty percent and became the single most important brewery in Sweden. At the same time competition increased. The major reason was the access for new actors in the wake of the institutional change and the introduction of a new type of medium-strong beer. The changing structure of the retail trade sector and the more efficient distribution opportunities were also important factors. Together with new distribution network and an unexploited innovation, the tin can, new entrepreneurs could enter the market and were
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Göteborgs universitet

School Location:Sweden

Source Type:Doctoral Dissertation

Keywords:HUMANITIES and RELIGION; History and philosophy subjects; History subjects; Economic history; Brewing industry; Sweden; Chandler; Schumpeter; alcohol policy; cartelisation; de-regulation; diversification; investment trusts; Trade associations; Bryggeriidkareförbundet; Svenska Bryggareföreningen; Stockholms Bryggerier; Pripp & Lyckholm; Pripps Bryggerier; Tingsryds Bryggeri; Bryggeri AB Falken; PRIBO; Ceres Bryggeri

ISBN:91-85196-64-9

Date of Publication:01/01/2006

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