Kan machismo likställas med manlighet i Mexico? : om staten, urbefolkningarna och kulturarvsdiskursen
”Kan machismo likställas med manlighet i Mexico? – en studie om
mexikanska genusrelationer”. The department of Cultural Anthropology and
Ethnology, Uppsala University, Uppsala.
This thesis examines the machismo ideology and what masculinity means in
Mexico. Machismo can be seen as a general ideology for masculinity that
influences different aspects of the Mexican society. Therefore it can be
argued that there are both positive and negative aspects of the phenomenon.
I argue that the machismo ideology can be analysed as consisting of
different components, which are masculine and feminine sexuality, the
honour and shame complex, protectionism and homophobia.
Side by side with machismo, different categories of masculinity exist,
which can be said both to confirm and question machismo. The catholic
religion is an important factor when it comes to reproducing the gender
order. The religious model legitimates the inequality between men and
women in Mexico.
I argue, using the arguments of Connell, that machismo can be seen as
the so called hegemonic masculinity, which is defined as the accepted
answer for the patriarchal order for this time being. The patriarchal order is
analysed by Connell as consisting of three mayor structures, which are the
division of labour, power and cathexis. In order to change the gender order
consisting of these structures a degendering that would change those
structures that uphold the patriarchal society would have to occur.
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:mexico masculinity femininity machismo
Date of Publication:02/22/2005