Investigations of a printed circuit heat exchanger for supercritical CO2 and water
In this study, performance testing of a PCHE using supercritical CO2 and water as heat transfer media were performed at ANL. The heat transfer characteristics of the PCHE under operating conditions of the STAR_LM precooler were investigated. The S-CO2 , defined the “hot-side”, had its outlet condition near the pseudocritical point at 7.5MPa (~31-32 C). We found that of all the thermophysical properties undergoing rapid change near the critical point, heat transfer for S-CO2 is strongly correlated with the specific heat of CO2. Additional experiments performed with different bulk temperatures and pressures on the hot side also supported this conclusion. We proposed plotting the heat transfer results, (Nu2 + Pr2/3) versus (RePr4/3), based on an order-of-magnitude analysis, to reveal the close proximity of the outlet to pseudocritical conditions.
In order to check the experimental results, a nodal model of a segmented PCHE using a traditional log-mean temperature difference method was developed. This approach provided the temperature distribution along the heat exchanger. Additionally a CFD simulation (FLUENT) of a 4-layer, zig-zag channeled PCHE was developed. Comparison of the simulation and LMTD nodal model revealed that indeed specific heat strongly influenced the heat transfer.
School:Kansas State University
School Location:USA - Kansas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:compact heat exchanger supercritical engineering mechanical 0548
Date of Publication:01/01/2007