Inpatient Education: Are Patients Perceived Learning Needs Met Following First MI?
Abstract (Summary)This comparative-descriptive study was conducted to identify the perceived learning needs of patients following their first myocardial infarction (MI) and to examine the teaching effectiveness of the Cardiac Rehab In-patient Education Program at meeting these needs. Gender differences in learning needs and whether men’s or women’s needs were more effectively met by the education were also explored. Roy’s Adaptation theory was used as a framework for the study. A sample of 23 MI subjects completed a CPLNI questionnaire in the hospital to identify their learning needs. Subjects also completed a CHD Teaching Evaluation form in the hospital and 2 weeks after discharge to determine teaching effectiveness at meeting the identified learning needs. Three areas of concern were ranked as important to learn by subjects including Physical activity recommendations, Dietary information and Anatomy and Physiology. Women ranked Dietary information most important to learn, however, men ranked physical activity. There was no significant difference in learning needs based on gender. The in-patient education program was effective at meeting the learning needs regarding physical activity. The in-patient education did not meet one gender’s learning needs more effectively than the other’s. In-patient education should be implemented after patients’ perceived learning needs are identified to provide them substantial information before returning home with the diagnosis of heart disease.
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:cardiac patients diet physical activity
Date of Publication:01/01/2005