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Influence of sludge recirculation rate in nitrification process in asbf system preceded of uasb reactor.

by Chagas, Adalberto Francisco

Abstract (Summary)
This study aimed at to evaluate the post-treatment of UASB reactor with aerated submerged biological filter, with the objective of verifying your effectiveness in the nitrification process, submitting it to different sludge recirculation rates from the final settling tank to the entrance of FBAS. The necessity of the post-treatment is due to the fact of the UASB reactor effluent, although tends a good efficiency in the removal of organic matter, it doesn't to meet the standards of Brazilian environmental legislation, therefore, the post-treatment has the main paper of completing the organic matter removal, and also to ammonia nitrogen removal, that in agreement with the Resolution CONAMA N. 357, of march 17, 2005, the release pattern for this parameter is 20 mgN/L. This study was developed in a pilot plant with three different operational regimes, located in ?Centro Tecnológico de Hidráulica ? CTH?, constituted by a FBAS with an useful volume at 605 L, following by settling tank, treating the effluent from 25 m3 UASB reactor. The three operation regimes had time of duration of 75, 80 and 54 days, respectively, with feeding flows at 500 L/hour in the first two regimes and 200 L/hour in the regime 3. The sludge recirculation rate were 0,2, 0,4 and 0,8, for the regimes 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The three operation regimes introduced these superficial aplication rates, respectively: COD (35, 40 and 16 g COD/m2.day); BOD (16, 14 and 7 g BOD/m2.day) and NKT (8,8, 8,7 and 3,1 g NKT/m2.day). Analyses of parameters were accomplished as BOD, COD, solids in suspension, ammonia nitrogen and total Kjeldahl nitrogen, nitrite, nitrate and alkalinity, where the operation regime 3 presented the best results, producing a final effluent with these average concentrations: 78 mg/L (COD), 28 mg/L (BOD), 27 mg/L (TSS), 12 mg/L (NKT), 10 mg/L (NH3/NH4 +) and 23,4 mg/L (NO3 -). The observed efficiency removal were: 68% (COD), 76% (BOD), 79% (TSS), 75% (NKT) and 75% (NH3/NH4 +).
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Pedro Alem Sobrinho; Pedro Alem Sobrinho; Antonio Eduardo Giansanti; Roque Passos Piveli

School:Universidade de São Paulo

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords: Aerated submerged biological filter Nitrificação Nitrification Post-treatment

ISBN:

Date of Publication:10/11/2006

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