In vitro evaluation of the mechanisms of transitory immunosuppression induced by L. amazonensis in healthy individuals low producers of IFN-gamma
Previous studies have shown that individuals exposed to Leishmania amazonensis respond differentially with regard to interferon gamma (IFN)_ production. Individuals who have a low production of IFN_ develop a Th2 response, while those who produce high amounts of this cytokine during the early stages of infection show the Th1 response. In order to evaluate the mechanism of suppression induced by L. amazonensis, the profile and kinetics of chemokines and theirs receptors were determined, as also the cytokines in the cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from healthy individuals, stimulated with live promastigotes of L. amazonensis. A semiquantitative analysis of mRNA expression for the chemokines and their receptor was performed by RT-PCR, and the cytokines were quantified by ELISA, at 12, 48 and 120 hours after infection. The two patterns of IFN_ response were studied. Individuals with a production higher than 145,8 pg/mL were classified as high responders (HR), and those with lower levels of production were considered as low responders (LR). Individuals in the HR group developed a mixed response, with a predominance of Th1, which was associated with the expression of relevant quantities of MIP-1_, RANTES, MCP-1, IP-10, IL-8, CCR1, CCR2 and CXCR3, within 12 and 48 hours after infection. IL-12, IL-13 and IL-10 were observed in significant quantities. In the LR group, the suppression of expression of MIP-1_, RANTES, MCP-1, I-309, CCR2, CXCR3 and CCR5 during the entire period of study, and that of IP-10 during the first 48 hours of infection, was observed. IL-10 and IL-13 were found in elevated concentrations from 12 hours of infection onwards, with a peak production at 48 hours. These results suggest that the pattern of response apparently is defined around 48 hours of infection. IL-10 and IL-13 appear to exercise a relevant role in the modulation of suppression of IFN_, induced in the LR group by L. amazonensis.
Advisor:Talapala Govindaswamy Naidu; Cristina de Souza Chaves; Margarida Maria de Lima Pompeu; Aldina Maria Prado Barral
School:Universidade Federal do Ceará
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:09/30/2004