In situ inf[r]ared studies of catalytic partial oxidation
The ignition mechanism study of CH4 on Pt/Al[subscript]2O[subscript]3 showed that oxygen mainly covers the surface until ignition. Competition between the two reactants is assumed. The heat of adsorption of oxygen is a key factor for ignition of the methane partial oxidation reaction on Pt/Al[subscript]2O[subscript]3. The ignition mechanism on Rh/Al[subscript]2O[subscript]3 was found to be different from Pt/Al[subscript]2O[subscript]3. The oxidation state of the catalyst changed significantly as the temperature was raised towards the ignition. An oxidized rhodium state, Rh[superscript]n+, progressively formed as the temperature was increased while Rh[superscript]0 decreased. In addition, a greater amount of Rh[supercript]n+ was found when the oxygen concentration in the feed was higher. From these results, it is hypothesized that ignition of methane CPO on Rh/Al[subscript]2O[subscript]3 is related to the accumulation of the Rh[superscript]n+ state.
Dissociation adsorption of methanol occurs on both Al2O3 and Pt/Al[subscript]2O[subscript]3. It is suggested that formate was one of the important intermediates in the reaction pathway. Oxygen species play a key role in the formation of formate on the catalysts, and it also affects the product composition. Formate mainly decomposed into CO, which is the dominant source for CO[subscript]2 production in the reactions at higher temperatures.
School:Kansas State University
School Location:USA - Kansas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:in situ drifts catalytic partial oxidation methane methanol ignition chemistry general 0485 engineering chemical 0542
Date of Publication:01/01/2008