Image restoration and reconstruction beyond least squares /
Abstract (Summary)iii Systems of linear equations with ill conditioned coefficient matrices arise very often in signal and image processing. The most commonly used method for solving such systems is the Regularized Least Squares method, in which the unknown parameters are computed by minimizing a cost function that consists of quadratic data-fitting and regularization terms. We consider techniques other than the Regularized Least Squares for solving such systems. Our focus is on image processing problems. One implicit assumption behind the least squares solution is that exact information of the coefficient matrix is available. When error exists in both the right hand side and the coefficient matrix, the Total Least Squares method gives better results than the ordinary Least Squares method. We present algorithms for the Regularized Total Least Squares (RTLS) problem. In many image and signal processing problems, the coefficient matrices have certain useful structure. For example, in the problems of image restoration and high resolution image reconstruction, the resulting blurring matrices have a Block Toeplitz Toeplitz Block (BTTB) like structure. In the problem of color image restoration, the blurring matrix consists of BTTB blocks. However, traditional Total Least Squares methods do not preserve the structure in the coefficient matrix. Therefore it is more appropriate to apply Structured Total Least Squares (STLS). This thesis presents Regularized Structured Total Least Squares (RSTLS) algorithms for the problems of high resolution image reconstruction and color image restoration. The major cost at each iteration of our RSTLS algorithms is in solving large sparse and structured linear least squares systems. We propose to use preconditioned CGLS or LSQR method to solve these systems. We show that Discrete Cosine Transform or Fast Fourier Transform based preconditioners are very effective for these systems. Other assumptions behind the regularized least squares solution include Gaussian prior distribution of the unknown parameters and the additive noise. When these assumptions are violated, we consider the Least Mixed Norm (LMN) or the Least Absolute Deviation (LAD) solution. For the LAD solution, both the data-fitting and the regularization terms are in the ?1 norm. For the LMN solution, the regularization term is in the ?1 norm but the data-fitting term is in the ?2 norm. Both solutions are formulated as the solution to a convex programming problem, and solved by interior point methods. At each iteration of the interior point method, a structured linear system must be solved. The preconditioned conjugate gradient method with factorized sparse inverse preconditioners is employed to such structured inner systems.
School Location:USA - Pennsylvania
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication: