Identifikation molekularer Regulatoren der anti-IgM induzierten B-Zell Apoptose
Apoptosis or programmed cell death is essential in the process controlling lymphocyte growth and selection. During anti-IgM induced B cell apoptosis autoreactive cells are eliminated. Since the molecular mechanisms underlying the process of B cell apoptosis are still not well understood the goal of this study was to identify proteins and genes in apoptosis. Subcloning lead to the selection of a human Burkitt lymphoma B cell line clone (BL60-2) which is highly sensitive towards the anti-IgM stimulus. In order to compare apoptotic and non apoptotic cells a novel method was established, which allows separation of apoptotic, Phosphatidylserine (PS) positive cells from non apoptotic, PS negative cells by magnetic cell sorting. This method generates fractions of apoptotic and non apoptotic cells with a purity of up to 95 %. Cell lysates from those fractions were analyzed using high-resolution two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and the protein patterns were compared. Using mass spectrometry and Edman sequencing the following differentially appearing proteins were identified: Lamin B1, b-Actin, neutral Calponin, Nucleolin, D4-GDI, hnRNP A1, hnRNP C1/C2, hnRNP K, LSP1, HHR23B, FUSE-binding protein, dUTPase, P0, HP1 a. The specific cleavage of the D4-GDI, hnRNPA1 and the transcription factor SP1 which occurs after anti-IgM induced apoptosis was detected by western blot analysis. It was determined by inhibition studies with the tetrapeptide inhibitor z-DEVD-fmk that the cleavage is a result of the Caspase 3 family. Cleavage of the transcription factor SP1 was also investigated by in vitro cleavage assays. The activity of recombinant caspase 3 and 7 generate the same cleavage products as observed in vivo after anti-IgM induction. The specific cleavage of the transcription factor influences it´s DNA binding activity as observed by the decrease of the full lenght protein-DNA complex. The increase of a smaller protein-DNA complex was apparent, which may represent the binding of at least one cleavage product. In this work proteases of the Caspase 3 family could be identified as central regulators during anti-IgM induced apoptosis. Anti-IgM induced apoptosis can be completly inhibited by inhibition of Caspase 3 proteases. Characteristic morphological changes, nuclear fragmentation and PS translocation to the outer membrane leaflet of the cells could be determined as a consequence of the Caspase 3 activation during the process of apoptosis. By differential hybridisation of newly generated l-Zap c-DNA librarys from unstimulated and anti-IgM stimulated B cells as well as with subtractive cDNA librays, it should be feasable to identify newly transcribed genes. Apoptosis specific sequences were enriched, cloned and sequenced.
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School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:anti-IgM Caspasen b cell apoptosis caspases WF 9880 WE 2500
Date of Publication:02/16/1999