Identidade étnica e educação escolar indígena

by Markus, Cledes

Abstract (Summary)
Although the process of scholar education in Brazilian indigenous communities first started with the arrival of Europeans in Brazil, debates about it are still very eminent at these days. It is a moment of change for scholar education in indigenous villages. Village schools were previously meant to civilize and integrate the indigenous communities whereas now they are a place for autonomous indigenous practice and the expression of their identity and, therefore, indigenous scholar education is becoming part of these people´s political demands and projects. This change is closely connected to indigenous claims, which are supported by the Brazilian Constitution, for the recognition of the right they have to maintain their own particular way of life, languages and culture, conception and transmission of knowledge, andthe guarantee of a territory in which they may preserve their tradition. In this manner, scholar education in indigenous villages cannot be looked at neither as an ?outside? institution nor as an institution apart from the specificities of any other group. It is a complex of interaction between different worlds and different forms of knowledge. This particularity brings about interstitial situations for the scholar education and therefore it is theoretically conceived of as a borderline on which identities are either affirmed or interdicted, ethnical distinctions are strengthened, relations of power and resistance to it emerge, as well as new interpretationsand new significations are set. It is under such perception that this survey investigates the fact of how indigenous scholar education is affected by ethnical identity-related factors. The analysis is led under the understanding that identity is a social, cultural and historical conception and therefore it is essentially political and ideological, thus, always in the making. It is anthropologically based on the last few decades´referential which perceives the dynamic construction of identities and educational perspectives backed by Paulo Freire?s pedagogy. The survey has been carried out at the Xokleng Village within the Laklanõ Indigenous Territory in Alto Vale do Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brazil. The scholar community is the main focus of data collection which make up an important referential for data interpretation concerning ethnical identity as it is this work´s target
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Adolfo Ramos Lamar; Ernesto Jacob Keim; Roberto Akira Goto

School:Universidade Regional de Blumenau

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:indigenous scholar education ethnical identity Xokleng People


Date of Publication:10/20/2006

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