Hur kvinnor med bröstcancer skattar sitt optimistiska och pessimistiska personlighetsdrag före och efter strålbehandling - en studie om stabilitet
The aim of the study was to evaluate if the optimistic/pessimistic trait among women with breast cancer are changed by undergoing radiation treatment. The study had a comparative design and the sample was selected through convenience sampling. The sample consisted of 67 women in the age 30 to 86 years with treatable breast cancer. The optimistic trait was estimated before and after the radiation treatment by means of a validated scale, LOT-R. The questionnaire is a ten-item self report measure, responded to on a scale of five (0="Strongly disagree", …, 4="Strongly agree"). The points were summarized to get a total, an “optimistic score” (0-24 points). Four categories were created to interpret the result: major pessimist (0-6 points), small pessimist (7-12 points), small optimist (13-18 points) and major optimist (19-24 points). A majority of the women was in the category “small optimist” both before and after the treatment. The median score was 17 points before the radiation treatment, and 18 points after the treatment. The estimation before as well as after the radiation treatment was compared by means of Wilcoxon’s signed ranked test. The result showed no significant difference between the estimations before and after the radiation treatment (p=0.141; Z=-1.471). The main result of the study was that the optimistic trait is stable among women with treatable breast cancer, and does not change by undergoing radiation treatment.
School:Högskolan i Gävle
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:breast cancer optimism trait pessimism stability
Date of Publication:01/22/2008