Hur sjuksköterskor kan förebygga och lindra i samband med smärtsamma procedurer hos barn - en litteraturstudie
Abstract (Summary)The purpose of this study was to investigate how the nurses can prevent and alleviate painful procedures in school-aged children 7-12 years. The methods that have been used were descriptive literature review. The literature has been searched in the databases Medline via PubMed, Academic Search Elite and Blackwell Synergy. The material in the study was limited to fourteen articles. In the result we present the factors that affect children’s experiences of alleviation of pain in two categories: “Preparation before painful procedures” and “Alleviation of pain during painful procedures”. In the category “Preparation before painful procedures” it came to light that nurses should create a comfortable and reliable relation with children and parents, give information and involve children and parents in both preparation before painful procedures and also in the alleviation of pain. Midazolam® nosespray and EMLA® has proven to have a good effect in preventing alleviation of pain. In the category “Alleviation of pain during painful procedures” it came to light that during painful procedures, a good communication between nurse, children and parents is needed to increase the understanding of the treatment and a friendly and calm attitude can also be experienced as very positive. The nurses can use pharmacological methods of alleviation of pain, but also non pharmacological methods, such as adjustment of the environment, rest and sleep, distraction in form of for example watching TV, reading and playing games. The result also enlightens that participation of the parents has a large influence in the child`s experience of staying at a hospital and alleviation of pain because it has a soothing effect on the child.
School:Högskolan i Gävle
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:01/09/2008