by Iuliano, Angela Danielle

Abstract (Summary)
Chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection is prevalent in approximately 3.2 million people in the United States. Understanding mechanisms of HCV treatment response and conditions seen in people with HCV such as steatosis and Insulin Resistance (IR) are important to preventing excess morbidity and mortality and improving HCV treatment outcomes. Host genetic factors may be important with respect to these issues. The purpose of this research was to investigate host genetic relationships with 28 day viral decline after treatment initiation, steatosis and insulin resistance and to examine these associations separately in African Americans and Caucasian Americans infected with HCV genotype-1. Data from the Study of Viral Resistance of Antiviral Therapy of Chronic Hepatitis C (Virahep-C) were used. Virahep-C was designed to understand the mechanisms of resistance to antiviral therapy for chronic HCV genotype-1 patients. The studies reported in this dissertation included up to 194 Caucasian Americans (CA) and 180 African Americans (AA) who agreed to participate in the Virahep-C genetics ancillary study. In longitudinal analyses of 28 day treatment induced viral decline, polymorphisms in Myxovirus resistance 2 (MX2), Oligoadenylate synthetase-like (OASL), Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 and 2 (STAT1 and STAT2) were significantly associated with viral decline. Additionally, significant Protein Kinase (PKR) haplotype associations with viral decline were observed among AAs. In cross-sectional analyses, significant associations between selected genetic variants and either steatosis or IR were observed in Interleukin-10 (IL10), Leptin Receptor (LEPR), Interleukin-6 (IL6) and Transforming Growth Factor Beta 1 (TGF-â1) for both conditions. Statistically significant interactions were observed between IL10, LEPR and TGF-â1 polymorphisms and HOMA2-IR scores when examining steatosis. Statistically significant associations were observed for Adiponectin Receptor 1 (ADIPOR1) polymorphisms and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-Coenzyme A synthase 2 (HMGCS2) polymorphisms and steatosis or IR. Overall, these findings suggest that host genetic factors are associated with treatment induced 28 day viral decline, steatosis and IR. Understanding the biological mechanisms that contribute to these findings has significant public health implications because it could help establish new therapies and interventions to prevent HCV related morbidity and mortality. Results may also contribute to understanding the mechanisms of treatment response, steatosis and IR.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Eleanor Feingold; Steven Belle; Joseph Zmuda; Leland Yee; Abdus Wahed

School:University of Pittsburgh

School Location:USA - Pennsylvania

Source Type:Master's Thesis



Date of Publication:06/25/2008

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