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A HOME-BASED PEER PROGRAM: ITS EFFECT ON THE ENGAGEMENT AND INTERACTION OF A CHILD WITH DOWN SYNDROME

by RYAN, MICHELE MARY

Abstract (Summary)
This case study examined the overall rate of engagement and the overall rate of interaction between a child with Down syndrome and a child who was typically developing when engaged in play with and without adult intervention. Also measured were the mean time of engagement, the engagement rate of interaction, the mean rate of interaction per interaction, the overall rates of interaction by both peers individually, as well as the mean rates of interaction per interaction by both peers individually. The two children played together on a weekly basis in the home of the child with Down syndrome for a total of eleven weeks. An adult facilitator redirected the children's play and provided language models for the intervention sessions. Baseline sessions without adult intervention were also completed before the first intervention session, after the fourth intervention session, and then again following the eighth intervention session to determine the rates of engagement and interaction occurring spontaneously by both children. All play sessions were transcribed and analyzed by the researcher. Results indicated that the overall rate of engagement increased over time for the peers during adult supported intervention sessions, yet this increase was not maintained during baseline sessions. Results also indicated that the overall rates of interaction for each child, respectively, were near equal during adult supported intervention sessions, supporting the conclusion that the peers maintained reciprocal communicative interactions. This case study was conducted as part of a larger pilot study examining the effects of a home based peer buddy program on children with language- based disorders.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:University of Cincinnati

School Location:USA - Ohio

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:play development down syndrome engagement social interaction language

ISBN:

Date of Publication:01/01/2001

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