History and Development of the Communication Regulatory Agency in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1998-2005
During the war against Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) over 250,000 people were killed, and countless others were injured and lost loved ones. Almost half of the B&H population was forced from their homes. The ethnic map of the country was changed drastically and overall damage was estimated at US $100 billion. Experts agree that misuse of the media was largely responsible for the events that triggered the war and kept it going despite all attempts at peace. This study examines and follows the efforts of the international community to regulate the broadcast media environment in postwar B&H. One of the greatest challenges for the international community in B&H was the elimination of hate language in the media. There was constant resistance from the local ethnocentric political parties in the establishment of the independent media regulatory body and implementation of new standards. The lack of a democratic heritage and the complex mix of cultures compounded the challenges facing the international community. This study uses internal documents, decisions and laws imposed by the OHR, first hand reports and communication from international experts who were involved in the establishment of the IMC and CRA. Evidence suggests the IMC was successful in the establishment of the fundamental principles for media regulation where previously no consistent principles existed. The IMC was also successful in licensing media outlets and in its transition to the CRA. The CRA achieved its goals of establishing the cooperation of broadcasters and the public. The CRA made significant progress in the protection of copyrights and creating a solid base for the development of a fair and competitive media environment. As a result, hate language has nearly vanished from the B&H media, although there still remains work to be done. Several questions remain, however. There needs to be a better understanding of the failure of the OBN to involve the B&H media experts in developing solutions to the media problem and the inconsistency in applying the same set of standards for media warmongers in B&H and Rwanda.
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:bosnia and herzegovina postwar yugoslavia the balkans communication regulatory agency media electronic regulations laws international intervention dayton peace accord transition
Date of Publication:01/01/2006