High Gain Low Power Operational Amplifier Design and Compensation Techniques High Gain Low Power Operational Amplifier Design and Compensation Techniques
MOS devices are used in the weak inversion region or the subthreshold inversion region to minimize dc source power. A feasible configuration for high gain, low power op amp design utilizing subthreshold operation along with active operation is proposed. This op amp uses composite cascode connections for the differential input stage, a common source second stage, and a current mirror. A prototype of the op amp was fabricated in a 0.25 Î¼m CMOS process. The proposed op amp produces an open loop gain above one million with low power consumption around 110 Î¼W and shows a favorable slew rate and GBW product compared to other amplifiers driving large capacitive loads. In addition, the composite cascode amplifier requires a compensation capacitor of only 3.5 pF which allows a very small op amp cell. This design is intended for applications where simplicity of layout, small cell size, and low power are important. The open loop gain of this design is comparable to bipolar op amps and exceeds all known reported CMOS designs using the classic Widlar architecture. The fabricated op amp test results show that the BSIM3 model in CADENCE Spectre Spice Simulation matches closely to the experimental results in spite of the low current weak inversion operation of the composite cascode output device and thus provide confidence in the simulation for other similar designs. While facing the challenge of measuring the op amp open loop characteristics at decreased power supply voltages, a few viable techniques were developed to measure the op amp open loop parameters using typically available bench test equipment.
School:Brigham Young University
School Location:USA - Utah
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:operational amplifier high gain low power compensation subthreshold
Date of Publication:02/07/2007