Hawkers in Mongkok district : a study in retailing geography
OF THESIS ENTITLED
" HI~tHamS IN MOJroICOK DISTRICT.
A STUDY IN RET 1.I LING GOEGMPHY."
submitted "by HO SIGeK FUN
fo~ the degree of MiiST}~R OF PHILOSOPHY
the University of Hong Kong in Septembe:r}972
Most ~f the hawkers in the urban areas of Hong Kong do
business in n simple and bazaa~like wny on the st~eets 0~ in
off-street bazD,a:rs. They are mainly rete.ilinG in function,
distributing or offering low-price goods and services. Shops,
with their higher overhoad expencli'tu1"Gs, oanno? competo success-
fully with them. BecD,use of the spatial and economic oonvenionce
offered, hawkers are welcomecl and pat:ronisQd by most of tho
h0useholds in tho uyban a,yeas. The;y, together \lTi;;b. the sme,ll
shops, :t'0presorrt the traditional type of t"ottJ,iling, '\"lhioh coexists
with the modern sector in the "economic dualism" of Hong Kong.
In Hong Kane, ha~vkers as Totail'<.'rs have not"bc,(n ctuC.iecl j,n' gr:oat
details and there is lit'tlt informa:bion on 'thoir locD,tiona.l aspect.
The purpose of the p:t'0S(mt study is to find ou't 'bhGi:r looa?ional
preferonces, to analyse the in-ternal org"miso;tlon and the trfl.clinc
a:rea of a hawkor oonoontrn:tion, a,nd to study 'l;he mobility of the
From 1;ho field \'lork cl0nG in ~~ongkok Distriot, it has beon
found 'that most h<.l.\'lTkors in Mongk:ok arc fl.ssooie.t ed ,vi th 'the mixod
residential and commercial zono, where the donso populo~ion
provides a. VD,st number of po'tontinl customers, and "the eoonomio
activities help 'to p:r0mote the business of ha'l,vkers. Becll.use
of 10w generative PO\vo:r, hawkers attemp't to inor0fJ,so their business
by loca'\;ing at place v1i'th heavy peclestrie,n flow, or a.dl10ring to
spatia,l affinities, 01" by aGG'lomo:ra;tion, ,iThioh m$ans th~;t hewkerl3
selling similar goods 1r1i11 oluste:r 'together to inorease theit
From tho fiold itlOTk, i't has also boon founcl th[\'t mobile hD,lri .??
kers in Mongkok do not have a high degree of mo'bili'ty, beoause
mobility in the densoly popU].f\:\;ad l.u:ba.n areas is not really practical, and hawkers need to haye regular customers OT be -rela.ted"" t1>." fixed-pitch ha\"~ke:rs o:r shops. The pedlars should, tho1'efo11'o, be stabilised instead of being left "bs?ructing 1;ho st;reets.
In :recent years, the large number of hawkers in Hong Kong h,we caused so much oongestion and so many unhygienic conditions that the government is trying to reduoe their number to tho minimum
and to move as many hawkers as possible from 1he stt:eets to off-. stree"t bazaars. In spi'te of the problems they causo, hawke:rs do offer much oonvenienoe to the households. They will remain an imponant clement in retailing in Hong Kong if the:ra fl.!'O no othe17 modern and efficient ma:rketing facili ti0s to :replace them.
School:The University of Hong Kong
School Location:China - Hong Kong SAR
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:peddlers and peddling china hong kong retail trade mong kok
Date of Publication:01/01/1973