Gymnasio Mineiro de Uberlandia: the process of school disciplining (1937 ? 1945).

by Resende Araújo, Daniella Soraya

Abstract (Summary)
It is a research about the current ?Escola Estadual de Uberlândia? within the period between1937 and 1945. The aim of this study is to present the analysis related to culture in the schoolenvironment of Gymnasio Mineiro de Uberlandia, by means of the school subjects as a wayof settling behavior patterns in the students during ?Estado Novo?. By means of a survey onthe taught school subjects and on the behaviors that were valued, it was identified theinfluence of Brazilian social, political and economical context on the state schools? students?background, especially Gymnasio Mineiro de Uberlandia; the part played by the school inmaterialization of the foundation of the State lead by Vargas, the connection between theorganization of the school environment and the necessity to separate the genders were laid-outas well as the bodies? disciplining and it was observed the influence of the contents of thetaught subjects to ?sculpture? the kind of citizen the school should shape. In order toaccomplish such analysis, a bibliographical review was made to discuss the part played byeducational institutions in the social scenario they belong to. This investigation is alsoanchored in official documents from Gymnasio Mineiro de Uberlandia correspondent to?Estado Novo? period and in articles about this institution on the local newspapers ATribuna e O Reporter. The analysis also considered former teachers?, student?s and studentsinspector?s statements who experienced the process, within the period 1937-1945. Theeducational legislations of the state and the country were other documents researched whichsupported the analysis. It was noticed that the school culture of ?Gymnasio Mineiro deUberlandia? was connected to a bigger social culture because contributed to shape adisciplined individual. The school environment of Gymnasio Mineiro de Uberlandia wasprojected to be a teaching, watching, ranking and rewarding ?machine? by means of controland constant, subtle watching of bodies and minds, and mainly of strategic distribution ofbodies in the environment. The time, the activities, the behaviors, the speeches, the body andthe sexuality of the individuals were all controlled. Even though some students disobeyed therules and were punished by the gratification-sanction device, which quantified, classified andpunished or rewarded the individual, according to his behavior and his performance. Thispunishment aimed at the deviation reduction however it was verified that the penalties appliedto the transgressors did not accomplish their goals thoroughly for there was a lot of resistance.The behaviors of some students were not remodeled and their consciences were notredirected, despite the culture and the school routine of ?Gymnasio Mineiro de Uberlandia? atthat time, being propitious to the disciplining of bodies and minds. In opposition to what wastaught, some of the knowledge did not ?work? to some students, therefore the existence ofnegative evaluations results and reprehensions to certain attitudes.
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Décio Gatti Júnior

School:Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:Disciplinarização Disciplining School knowledge Behavior


Date of Publication:08/28/2006

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