Gradient modeling with gravity and DEM

by Zhu, Lizhi.

Abstract (Summary)
This study deals with the methods of forward gravity gradient modeling based on gravity data and densely sampled digital elevation data and possibly other data, such as crust density data. In this study, we develop an improved modeling of the gravity gradient tensors and study the comprehensive process to determine gravity gradients and their errors from real data and various models (Stokes’ integral, radial-basis spline and LSC). Usually, the gravity gradients are modeled using digital elevation model data under simple density assumptions. Finite element method, FFT and polyhedral methods are analyzed in the determination of DEM-derived gravitational gradients. Here, we develop a method to model gradients from a combination of gravity anomaly and DEM data. Through a solution on the boundary value problem of the potential field, the gravity anomaly data are combined consistently with the forward model of DEM to yield nine components of the gravity gradient tensor. As a result, forward gravity gradients can be synthesized using both geodetic and geophysical data. We use two different methods to process gravity data. One is the regular griding method using kriging and least squares collocation, and the other one is based on fitting splines or wavelet functions. For DEM data, we use finite elements, polyhedra and wavelets or splines to compute the gradients. ii The second Helmert condensation principle and the remove-restore technique are used to connect DEM and gravity data in the determination of gravity gradients. Modeling of the gradients thus, particularly at some altitude above ground, from surface gravity anomalies is based on numerical implementations of solutions to boundary-value problems in potential theory, such as Stokes’ integral, least-squares collocation, and some Fourier transform methods, or even with radial-basis splines. Modeling of this type would offer a complementary if not alternative type of support in the validation of airborne gradiometry systems. We compare these various modeling techniques using FTG (full tensor gradient) data by Bell Geospace and modeled gradients, thus demonstrating techniques and principles, as well limitations and advantages in each. The Stokes’ integral and the least-squares collocation methods are more accurate (about 3 E at altitude of 1200 m) than radial-basis splines in the determination of gravity gradient using synthetic data. Furthermore, the comparison between the modeled data and real data verifies that the high resolution (higher than 1 arcmin) gravity data is necessary to validate the gradiometry survey data. Ground and airborne gradiometer systems can be validated by analyzing the spectral properties of modeled gradients. Also, such modeling allows the development of survey parameters for such instrumentation and can lead to refined high frequency power spectral density models in various applications by applying the appropriate filter. iii
Bibliographical Information:


School:The Ohio State University

School Location:USA - Ohio

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:remote sensing altitudes gravity


Date of Publication:

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