Genotyping on Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)/Cardiac Development-related Loci in Taiwan
Objective. Congenital heart disease (CHDs) in Taiwan cause twice as many children die each year comparing with childhood cancers. Prevalent CHDs are ventricular septal defects (VSDs) which accounted for ~40% Taiwanese population averagely. Studies on heart development-related genes on the human genome will provide valuable information for early diagnosis/prevention in eugenics and the development of therapeutic strategies.
Methods. A total of 239 CHD families from Kaohsiung Veteran General Hospital, including 713 individuals with 245 affected, participated in this study. Among these CHDs families, 83 were diagnosed as VSDs, accounted for 34.7% of all CHDs. We initiated using a semi-quantitative fluorescent PCR method applying ten highly polymorphic markers that located within 22q11, genotyping analysis for deletion or loss of heterozygosity. In those cases that are identified as chromosome 22q11-independent VSDs, cardiac development-related candidate genes TBX5, CSX and JAG1 analyses were performed by Single-Strand Conformation Polymorphisms (SSCPs) and Temporal Temperature Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (TTGE) analyses to identify whether any genomic mutation/deletion exists.
Results. So far, there are twenty-five VSD affected individuals have been identified as loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at loci D22S264, D22S303, D22S420, D22S427,D22S941, D22S944, D22S1638 and D22S1648. Candidate gene approaches will therefore be carried out within chromosome 22q11 subregion in these individuals.
Conclusions. The frequency of CHD necessitating intervention in patients referred for cardiovascular evaluation after diagnosis of a chromosome 22q11 deletion. Routine screening for CHDs, including VSD and other imaging studied to identify the any microdeletion(s) or LOH.
Advisor:Ming-Hong Tai; Chang-Biau Yang; Yow-Ling Shiue; Cheng-Liang Lee
School:National Sun Yat-Sen University
School Location:China - Taiwan
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:ventricular septal defect congenital heart disease
Date of Publication:07/30/2003