Gain-Clamping Technique of L-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier
Recently, the long-wavelength band (L-band, 1570-1600 nm) erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs) has received much attention. By combining the gain bandwidth of a conventional C-band EDFA and L-band EDFA in parallel, the available gain bandwidth can be increased by a factor of two. The change in the input power and the number of channels leads to the variation of the channel output power, which, in turn, changes the gain spectrum and flatness. To cope with this problem, the gain-clamped (GC) technique has been proposed. The gain-clamping techniques have been extensively explored for C-band EDFAs, but fewer for L-band EDFAs.
In this thesis, we experimentally investigate an optically gain-clamped L-band EDFA with different lasing lights (1568 nm and 1600 nm) and different loop attenuation. The characteristics of such L-band GC-EDFAs measured in a simulated add-drop operation are examined and compared. We find that the 1568-nm lasing light with 0-dB loop attenuation is the better selection for L-band GC-EDFA to offer good channel gain (19.4 dB) and satisfied noise figure characteristics. Compared to the gain variation observed for GC-EDFA with an open loop, the GC-EDFA was effective in reducing the total gain variation of 17 dB and increasing the dynamic range of 25 dB.
Advisor:Chieh Hu; Yung-Kuang Chen; Tao-Yuan Chang; Tsair-Chun Liang
School:National Sun Yat-Sen University
School Location:China - Taiwan
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:edfa gain clamping giam control
Date of Publication:06/07/2001