Functional Analysis of Recombinant Sm22.6 Antigen in Schistosoma mansoni
Schistosomiasis is one of the most widespread parasite diseases in the world, whereas Schistosoma mansoni is a major schistosome species in Africa, America, and the Caribbean islets. Many antigenic vaccine candidates have been postulated, including sm22.6 and GST. Although the lower level of re-infection of human schistosomiasis is related to the higher level of IgE against rsm22.6, unfortunately, the observation of the experimental vaccination in mice finds some difficulties in further development of vaccine. In addition, the biochemical and biophysical properties of the antigen are virtually unknown, thus the present study intends to characterize sm22.6 from biochemistry and cell biology. To do this, sm22.6 was expressed in E. coli (BL21DE3) and purified to homogeneity. Analyses of the recombinant protein showed that the antigen was highly hydrophobic and formed polymers readily as judged by both native and denatured electrophoreses. Because various technologies including NMR and DNA binding which had been applied to the study of the antigen generated vague results, we decided to express the antigen in human breast cancer cell (MDA-MB-435s) to locate in the subcellular compartments where the antigen is situated. Results showed that the antigen, not like the recombinant expressed in E. coli, located in both cellular fluids and membrane, suggesting that the antigen might not be a skeleton protein as predicted by proteomics.
Advisor:David Chao; Shiping He; Shangwu Ding
School:National Sun Yat-Sen University
School Location:China - Taiwan
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:schistosome vaccine polymerization subcellular localization cytoskeleton
Date of Publication:08/03/2006