The Founding of the National Medical Association
Following the opening of Negro medical schools throughout the country, the numbers of African American physicians slowly increased. Still unable to join local medical societies and the AMA, many of these physicians practiced in a professional vacuum devoid of opportunities to interact with and learn from other physicians. Recognizing the need for continuing education, social camaraderie, and professional unity, the African American physicians began to form their own local medical societies. In 1892 a call went out in an editorial printed in the Medical and Surgical Observer, the first Negro medical journal, for a national voice for the colored physicians. In 1895, three years after the call, several physicians met in an Atlanta, GA church and founded the National Medical Association (NMA).
Unfortunately, no single document chronicles the significant events that preceded the founding of the NMA and examines the biographies of the key figures involved in this historic event. Through a review of primary and secondary sources, this study provides a complete account by examining the personal backgrounds and motivating factors of the African American physicians who originally applied for admission into the MSDC in 1869. Further, this thesis analyzes the stories of the physicians who ultimately created their own national medical organization in 1895 following the many failed attempts to integrate the all-white societies. In addition to a thorough review of the battles that ensued in the Congress and the AMA, this study considers the personal and group motivations for excluding the African American physicians.
Advisor:Susan E. Lederer
School Location:USA - Connecticut
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:daniel hale williams l martin miles vandahurst lynk henry r butler robert fulton boyd american medical association national african physicians alexander t augusta prejudice racism a w tucker charles burleigh purvis society of the district columbia david clay scott
Date of Publication:03/25/2008