A Fast Method for Solving the Helmholtz Equation Based on Wave Splitting
In this thesis, we propose and analyze a fast method for computing the solution of the Helmholtz equation in a bounded domain with a variable wave speed function. The method is based on wave splitting. The Helmholtz equation is first split into one--way wave equations which are then solved iteratively for a given tolerance. The source functions depend on the wave speed function and on the solutions of the one--way wave equations from the previous iteration. The solution of the Helmholtz equation is then approximated by the sum of the one--way solutions at every iteration. To improve the computational cost, the source functions are thresholded and in the domain where they are equal to zero, the one--way wave equations are solved with GO with a computational cost independent of the frequency. Elsewhere, the equations are fully resolved with a Runge-Kutta method. We have been able to show rigorously in one dimension that the algorithm is convergent and that for fixed accuracy, the computational cost is just O(?1/p) for a p-th order Runge-Kutta method. This has been confirmed by numerical experiments.
School:Kungliga Tekniska högskolan
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:Helmholtz equation; high fequency waves
Date of Publication:01/01/2009