Exposure of wild felids to selected infectious agents

by Filoni, Claudia

Abstract (Summary)
This study evaluated exposure of 12 nondomestic felid species, both free-ranging (n=22) and captive (n=210) in Brazil to 16 potential pathogenic agents for members of Felid family, as feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV 1), feline calicivirus (FCV), feline parvovirus (FPV), feline coronavirus (FCoV), feline leukemia virus (FeLV), feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), puma lentivirus (PLV), canine distemper virus (CDV), Bartonella henselae, Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Mycoplasma haemofelis, ′Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum′, Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis′, Theileria sp, and Cytauxzoon sp, using IFA, Western blot, ELISA, and TaqMan® PCR and RT-PCR in serum, blood, feces and oral swabs, according to available samples for each animal. The antibody or agents detection demonstrated that Brazilian wild felid populations are exposed to at least FHV 1, FCV, FPV, FCoV, FeLV, puma lentivirus (PLV), Bartonella henselae, Ehrlichia canis, Mycoplasma haemofelis, ′Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum′, and Cytauxzoon sp, related agents, which probably contribute to undiagnosed morbidity and/or mortality scenarios for the Brazilian populations of wild felids. The presence of common domestic carnivore pathogens in wild felids address the need of close monitoring of such infections throughout an integrative and multidisciplinary approach
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:José Luiz Catão Dias; José Maurício Barbanti Duarte; José Soares Ferreira Neto; Eliana Reiko Matushima; César Augusto Dinóla Pereira; José Luiz Catão Dias

School:Universidade de São Paulo

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:Bacteria Infectious Diseases Piroplasmida


Date of Publication:08/22/2006

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