An Exploratory Study of Outsourcing motives and effects in Sweden and China
Outsourcing refers to a company who contracts with another company to provide
services that might otherwise be performed by in-house employees.
The purpose of this thesis is to compare the motives and effects of outsourcing in
China and Sweden, trying to provide the explanation of the differences between them.
This paper used the data form questionnaire and e-mail communication with Swedish
and Chinese companies to analyze the motives and effects of outsourcing.
Finally, some main conclusions are found as follows: with the development of market,
a lot of firms are no longer manufacturing products only in Sweden, but also in China;
furthermore, there are some differences between outsourcings of Chinese and
Swedish companies; Swedish companies are outsourcing production, because the cost
on labors in Sweden is so high that they try to cut their production costs by
outsourcing their production to countries with lower cost on labor.
However, there are some limitations of this paper: the investigation mainly focuses on
the survey data from Swedish (209 companies) firms but lacks of data of Chinese (35
companies). Moreover, the analysis didn’t consider the nations level as the reason of
Generally speaking, through Stata analysis, this study provides some useful
information for China’s firms by reminding them to learn the outsourcing experience
from Swedish companies; for Swedish firms, it’s also helpful for them to know the
situation in China to obtain more business opportunity in Chinese marketing.
Key words: outsourcing, motives, effects, Sweden, China
School:Högskolan i Gävle
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:outsourcing motives effects sweden china area economics areell ekonomi
Date of Publication: