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Explaining variation in the sex composition of coaches for women's intercollegiate athletic teams [electronic resource] /

by Robertson, Michelle L.

Abstract (Summary)
Chair: Amy S. Wharton By Michelle L. Robertson, Ph.D. Washington State University August 2006 This study examines the effects of institutional processes on the increased presence of men as head coaches of intercollegiate women’s athletic teams. The social institution of sport is and has historically been a very male dominated environment. At the time, Title IX was created as a means to solve the problem of gender inequality for women and one way it did this was by providing more opportunities for women athletes. Before Title IX was passed, women dominated the majority of coaching positions in women’s athletics. Ironically, this piece of legislation also provided more coaching opportunities for men who were willing to cross over into women’s athletics. Over the next thirty-two years, there was an influx of male coaches into women's collegiate athletics to where they now occupy a majority of the coaching positions. The hypotheses tested in this study examined the influence of gendered environments in athletic departments and athletic conferences. This study also investigated how the prestige of a school’s membership in a powerhouse conference affected the presence of male coaches on women’s teams. The results yielded mixed support for institutional theory and the effects of a gendered environment. However, some of the most interesting results showed a decrease in the odds of a male coach when a school was in a powerhouse conference. This and other pieces of this study’s v results raises questions about the effect of prestige on sex composition in coaching. This prestige factor is measured by type of sport as well as membership in a powerhouse athletic conference. An important line of future research is how athletic prestige in its various forms affects the sex composition of coaching. vi
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School:Washington State University

School Location:USA - Washington

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:college sports for women coaches athletics

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