Experimental investigation of a printed circuit heat exchanger using supercritical carbon dioxide and water as heat transfer media
In this study, a PCHE is investigated using S-CO[subscript]2 and water as the heat transfer media in conditions relevant to the precooler in the STAR-LM system. Experiments conducted with small temperature differences across the PCHE revealed that the heat transfer coefficient is strongly correlated with the temperature-dependent specific heat near the pseudocritical point. The STAR-LM precooler outlet temperature is near the pseudocritical point, making this region of interest to this work. Testing was conducted to determine the effect of property variation near the precooler outlet in conditions with large temperature differences in the PCHE. These tests revealed that maintaining the precooler outlet temperature near the pseudocritical point does not have a significant effect on heat transfer coefficients in the PCHE under large temperature difference test conditions.
Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) models were developed to simulate fluid flow and heat transfer in the PCHE. A 2D, 4-channel, zig-zag model was found to reproduce the outlet temperatures to within approximately 15% relative error. The 3D straight channel model reproduced the experimental data to within 3% relative error for the cases simulated. Both of these models predicted the water side outlet temperatures to within 20% relative error.
School:Kansas State University
School Location:USA - Kansas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:printed circuit heat exchanger supercritical carbon dioxide engineering mechanical 0548 nuclear 0552
Date of Publication:01/01/2008